- 1972, North Carolina
- 1976, U.S. Court of Appeals, Third and Fourth Circuits
- 1972, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina
- 1972, U.S. District Court, Middle District of North Carolina
Law School Attended
- University of North Carolina School of Law, Class of 1972, J.D.
- Duke University, Class of 1969, A.B.
- North Carolina State Board of Legal Specialization, Board-Certified Specialist in Workers' Compensation Law